For more information on dispatch-assisted CPR, visit http://9-1-1CPRDispatch.azshare.gov. For more information on improving cardiac arrest care in your community, visit the Heart Rescue Project at www.medtronic.com/heartrescueproject/heartrescue.html.
Download our exclusive Dispatcher-Assisted CPR poster for your use.
1. Roger VL, Go AS, Lloyd-Jones DM, et al. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2012 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation 125(1):e2-e220, 2012.
2. Sasson C, Rogers MA, Dahl J, Kellermann AL. Predictors of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 3(1):63–81, 2010.
3. Brenner BE, Kauffman J. Reluctance of internists and medical nurses to perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Arch Intern Med 153(15):1763–1769, 1993.
4. Brenner B, Stark B, Kauffman J. The reluctance of house staff to perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation in the inpatient setting: what are the considerations? Resuscitation 28(3):185–193, 1994.
5. Brenner B, Kauffman J, Sachter JJ. Comparison of the reluctance of house staff of metropolitan and suburban hospitals to perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Resuscitation 32(1):5–12, 1996.
6. McCormack AP, Damon SK, Eisenberg MS. Disagreeable physical characteristics affecting bystander CPR. Ann Emerg Med 18(3):283–285, 1989.
7. Michael AD, Forrester JS. Mouth-to-mouth ventilation: the dying art. Am J Emerg Med 10(2):156-161, 1992.
8. Locke CJ, Berg RA, Sanders AB, et al. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Concerns about mouth-to-mouth contact. Arch Intern Med 155(9):938–943, 1995.
9. Ornato JP, Hallagan LF, McMahan SB, Peeples EH, Rostafinski AG. Attitudes of BCLS instructors about mouth-to-mouth resuscitation during the AIDS epidemic. Ann Emerg Med 19(2):151–156, 1990.
10. Nichol G, Thomas E, Callaway CW, et al. Regional variation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidence and outcome. JAMA 300(12):1423–1431, 2008.
11. Lerner EB, Rea TD, Bobrow BJ, et al. Emergency Medical Service Dispatch Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Prearrival Instructions to Improve Survival From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation Jan 9, 2012.
12. Clark JJ, Larsen MP, Culley LL, Graves JR, Eisenberg MS. Incidence of agonal respirations in sudden cardiac arrest. Ann Emerg Med 21(12):1464–1467, 1992.
13. Bang A, Herlitz J, Martinell S. Interaction between emergency medical dispatcher and caller in suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest calls with focus on agonal breathing. A review of 100 tape recordings of true cardiac arrest cases. Resuscitation 56(1):25–34, 2003.
14. Bobrow BJ, Zuercher M, Ewy GA, et al. Gasping during cardiac arrest in humans is frequent and associated with improved survival. Circulation 118(24):2550–2554, 2008.
15. Hauff SR, et al. Factors impeding dispatcher-assisted telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Ann Emerg Med. 42(6):731–737, 2003.
16. Zabala Arguelles JI, Maranon Pardillo R, Gonzalez Serrano P, Serina Ramirez C. [Main vascular access in situations of extreme urgency: intra-osseous infusion]. An Esp Pediatr 37(6):489–492, 1992.
17. Rea TD. Agonal respirations during cardiac arrest. Curr Opin Crit Care 11(3):188–191, 2005.
18. Eisenberg MS. Incidence and significance of gasping or agonal respirations in cardiac arrest patients. Curr Opin Crit Care 12(3):204–206, 2006.
19. Nurmi J, Pettila V, Biber B, Kuisma M, Komulainen R, Castren M. Effect of protocol compliance to cardiac arrest identification by emergency medical dispatchers. Resuscitation 70(3):463–469, 2006.