NIOSH Explains Ambulance Crash-Testing
Ensuring and improving the safety of the ambulance environment is an ongoing mission in the EMS community, including for those in the federal government. Among the ways that goal is pursued is through crash-testing requirements built into the industry’s three bumper-to-bumper ambulance standards: the General Services Administration’s KKK-A-1822 federal purchasing specification; the National Fire Protection Association’s 1917 Standard for Automotive Ambulances; and the Commission on Accreditation of Ambulance Services’ Ground Vehicle Standard, GVS v.1.0.
Now a new project from key federal partners has led to the development of 10 new crash-test methods, and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has released a seven-part video series that explains and elaborates on ambulance crash testing and how it enhances worker safety.
“Given the evolution of ambulance design, our research sought to make improvements in seating, patient cots, equipment mounts, storage cabinets and the overall patient compartment body, leading to the development of new test methods,” project leader James Green told Occupational Health & Safety Magazine. “Working alongside other agencies and industry partners has improved the structural integrity and crash survivability of both the vehicle and the occupant, improving worker safety and security while still allowing them to do their jobs.”
The series is funded by NIOSH and the Department of Homeland Security’s Science and Technology Directorate. It’s available through the CDC or directly through the links below.
- Part 1, Ambulance Injury History Statistics and Standards;
- Part 2, Crash-Testing an Ambulance;
- Part 3, Patient Compartment Seating and Restraint;
- Part 4, Patient Cot, Cot Mount and Patient Restraint;
- Part 5, Equipment Mount and Storage Device Testing;
- Part 6, Building a Stronger Patient Compartment;
- Part 7, Using the Ambulance Patient Compartment Human Factors Design Guidebook.