PCRF Research Alert: Distance Education in 3D

PCRF Research Alert: Distance Education in 3D

By Megan Corry Jun 21, 2017

Can new technology improve the performance of disconnected remote learners?

Each month the Prehospital Care Research Forum combs the literature to identify recent studies relevant to EMS education practices. In this segment PCRF board member Megan Corry shares her insight on research that can help bring evidence-based practices to EMS education.

PCRF will host the first annual International Scientific EMS Symposium at EMS World Expo, October 16–20 in Las Vegas. Abstracts are currently being solicited for presentation at the symposium. Click here to learn more. 

Birt J, Moore E, Cowling MA. Piloting Mobile Mixed Reality Simulation in Paramedic Distance Education. IEEE 5th International Conference on Serious Games and Applications for Health (SeGAH), 2017

Whether it’s in “flipped classrooms,” fully online courses or high-fidelity simulation, our students are spending more time during their initial training using technology instead of hearing traditional lecture instruction. With new advances in 3D printers and augmented-reality platforms, the potential for enhancing the distance learning experience is more than just a virtual reality.

One group of researchers in Australia wanted to address inequities in the educational experience voiced by distance-education students who used self-directed online instead of face-to-face instruction during second-year coursework in a paramedic degree program. They found that distance students felt disconnected from the education program compared to face-to-face students during the second-year skills-development courses when opportunities for hands-on skills practice for distance learners were scarce and training was limited to two-dimensional images and text in an online learning platform. They proposed that a complex skill such as direct laryngoscopy and removal of a foreign body with Magill forceps could be learned through a BYOD (bring your own device) mixed-reality simulation approach with enhanced 3D images and tactile feedback through a handheld laryngoscope model.

BYOD allows the student to use her own smart phone mounted to a cap in a hands-free fashion so it suspends in front of the viewer’s eyes. Gaming software is used to create the augmented-reality imaging of the patient’s virtual head and airway. The student can then hold a mock “laryngoscope” (think modified joystick) and interact with the 3D patient head. As the student performs the task, the device provides resistance to mimic the tactile experience of a real patient, while the visual field provides red indicators if the student is not performing a task correctly.

The researchers distributed the materials with instructions to distance-education students one week before they reported for their in-class intensive skills lab. They compared 27 distance-education students who completed the simulation program with a control group of 37 distance-education students who went through standard 2D/text preparation materials prior to reporting to the in-class lab. Participants exposed to simulation received higher scores on four key performance indicators in pretesting than those in the control group. Overall results in summative skills performance, however, did not reveal statistically significant differences in KPI scores between the two groups.

Feedback from student users and instructors indicated the need for improved technology in the tactile component to better mimic the resistance of a real airway. Authors point to the importance of improving this technology to enhance the student’s experience in distance education, particularly in regions where outreach to students in remote areas is necessary for educational equity. While technology is promising, these results must be combined with those of other research that underscores the importance of regular and effective feedback from instructors to improve student outcomes.

Megan Corry, EMT-P, EdD, is the program director and full-time faculty for the City College of San Francisco paramedic program and on the board of advisors of the UCLA Prehospital Care Research Forum.

 

Continue Reading
Prehospital Care Research Forum

Comments

Submitted by jamessusan104 on Wed, 10/11/2017 - 06:03

Permalink

Although I never think it’s a bad idea to go to school and get more educated on anything, keep in mind that this is a talent dependent industry. Whether you are looking for 3D Game Design, Graphic Design and also the Film industry, they are all will be based on skill. The school will help you develop this to a degree, but it is an artistic talent. Do my Homework - A-one Assignments

Submitted by ReggieBucks on Wed, 11/01/2017 - 05:46

Permalink

You take interesting topic. I reread this article not once, it inspires me to write own article. https://www.cosplayisland.co.uk/profile/view/ReggieBucks - this guy is beginner writer and he will help me!

Submitted by milanjoy on Mon, 11/06/2017 - 06:37

Permalink

The new technology provides details regarding how it helps to improve the performance of disconnected remote learners. The technology provides lots of advantage for students who have done distance education. I would like to know more details regarding this.Wrapleaf smoke shop online

EmergyCare is taking applications to provide two women with scholarships to pay for EMT school and textbooks along with jobs upon completion of their training.
House Speaker Beth Harwell mandated her staff to attend both active shooter survival and sexual harassment response training.
Toledo City Council approved the $800,000 contract for paramedic training at the University of Toledo despite some council members' attempt to reverse the vote to establish a cheaper program.
Nursing students were put to the test in a mass casualty simulation involving multiple gunshot wound victims.
How to create a realistic-looking wound for training.
Chapel Hill High School opened its Firefighting Academy, offering EMT and firefighter certifications for students to be eligible for employment after graduation.
Burke County's emergency personnel are training deputies so they can provide first aid to citizens before EMS arrive.
In a study involving 160 students performing CPR on manikins, the 95% success rate led Eashan Biswas to lobby for a district-wide CPR training program for students.
Following the lead of other churches in the country, Michigan church members receive response training to active shooter incidents and improve their security.
Residents learned about the 'run, hide, fight' response plan in the event of an active shooter situation, including giving medical attention to the wounded.
University staff were trained in using Narcan in addition to participating in a days' worth of events spreading awareness of the opioid epidemic to students and staff.
Portsmouth Ambulance partnered with Shawnee State University to offer 24 scholarships and textbooks to individuals interested in pursuing an EMT certification.
As gun violence increases in frequency, 'Stop the Bleed' aims to teach bystanders how to save someone's life with basic bleeding control techniques.
Before determining its value, we have training questions to answer.
To ensure citizens are prepared in the event of a mass casualty incident, the Edwardsville Fire Department is offering the community training on bleeding control methods and CPR.