iSimulate Clinical Question of the Week: July 10

iSimulate Clinical Question of the Week: July 10

Article Jul 17, 2017

Clinical Question of the Week for July 10, 2017 from iSimulate and EMS World: An 88-year-old confused female is found sitting in her living room. She is hot to touch, flushed and dry, with poor turgor. What should you suspect? (Refer to corresponding video)
A. Heat exhaustion
B. Dehydration
C. Carbon monoxide poisoning
D. Heat stroke

The answer to the iSimulate Clinical Question of the Week for July 10 is D: Heat stroke.

Heat stroke is caused by the body overheating, usually as a result of prolonged exposure to or physical exertion in high temperatures, according to the Mayo Clinic. The most serious form of heat injury, heat stroke can occur if body temperature rises to 104 degrees F (40 C) or higher.

Heat stroke requires emergency treatment. Untreated heat stroke can quickly damage the brain, heart, kidneys and muscles. The damage worsens the longer treatment is delayed, increasing the risk of serious complications or death.

For further reading on heat stroke:

http://www.emsworld.com/article/10324572/treating-heat-related-illness-elderly

http://www.emsworld.com/article/12067163/severe-heat-illness

http://www.emsworld.com/article/10287438/environmental-emergencies

http://www.emsworld.com/article/10321840/lessons-summer-environmental-emergencies

 

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