Gary Ludwig, MS, EMT-P, is chief of the Champaign (IL) Fire Department. He is a well-known author and lecturer who has successfully managed large, award-winning metropolitan fire-based EMS systems in St. Louis and Memphis. He has a total of 37 years of fire, rescue and EMS experience and has been a paramedic for over 35 years. Gary writes the monthly EMS column in Firehouse Magazine. He is past chair of the IAFC’s EMS Executive Board and a member of the IAFF EMS Standing Committee. He has a master’s degree in Business and Management and is a licensed paramedic. He is a frequent speaker at EMS and fire conferences nationally and internationally. He is the coauthor of several books and the author of Blood, Sweat, Tears, and Prayers—Firefighting and EMS in Some of the Toughest Cities in America.