Dallas, TX -- Staff of the Rees-Jones Trauma Center at Parkland Memorial Hospital are teaching community members how to recognize life-threatening bleeding and administer appropriate medical treatment before professional rescuers arrive.
Parkland’s Stop the Bleed classes have been adapted from courses including the U.S. Military’s Tactical Combat Casualty Care Guidelines and the Prehospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS) course and are part of a large U.S. government-led effort to make “Stop the Bleed” training the CPR of the 21st century.
“This course is designed for the general public with a focus on controlling bleeding,” says Jorie Klein, RN, Director of Trauma Services in the Rees-Jones Trauma Center at Parkland. “This training is important because events such as home injuries, work injuries and motor-vehicle trauma can happen at any moment. The new threats in our communities such as the mass shootings or terrorist-related events such as bombings require all citizens to be prepared at all times. Those precious few minutes can save a life before help arrives.”
The class also teaches individuals to recognize life-threatening bleeding and how to control it on various locations on the body using a tourniquet or other measures such as direct pressure and/or wound packing.
“A victim who is bleeding from an artery can die in as little as three minutes,” says Alexander Eastman, MD, Medical Director and Chief of the Rees-Jones Trauma Center at Parkland and Assistant Professor of Surgery at UT Southwestern Medical Center. “Serious bleeding from an extremity is the most frequent cause of preventable death from an injury. Life-threatening bleeding warrants immediate interventions and in most cases the person who can provide that immediate care is not a trained healthcare provider or first responder. Everyone can save a life when minutes count.”
Klein stresses the importance of community members having a “Stop the Bleed” bag in their car and home and keeping rubber gloves and goggles handy in case of an emergency. The bags include:
Tourniquets – 3 in each bag
Hemostatic Gauze (Quikclot Combat Gauze) – 3 in each bag
CPR mask, one way valve, EMT grade – 2 in each bag
Bottles of water
“I’m a trauma nurse so I have items I need in my car and home, but I also keep a Zip-lock bag in my purse with a tourniquet, gloves and goggles,” she says. “You never know when something will happen. I want to be prepared.”