DHS Storm Surge Tool Helps Emergency Managers Prepare

OPS

DHS Storm Surge Tool Helps Emergency Managers Prepare

By From staff Sep 14, 2017

In June, as Tropical Storm Cindy approached the Texas and Louisiana coastlines, Texas authorities who operate the ferries along the state’s Gulf Coast were using a combination of online tools and observations to monitor water heights. A rise of 4½ feet in water levels meant the ferries—a key component of the state’s hurricane evacuation plan—couldn’t operate. If that happened, the Texas National Guard wouldn’t be able to use them to help evacuate the Bolivar Peninsula. Instead they’d have to drive two hours around the peninsula to reposition themselves.

That appeared to be the unhappy forecast as the storm approached. But at the same time, ADCIRC—a tool funded by the Department of Homeland Security’s Science and Technology Directorate to model storm surge and coastal flooding—was forecasting less rise along the Texas coast. Based on that data, Dr. Gordon Wells, of the University of Texas’ Center for Space Research, who’d been monitoring the ADCIRC info via the Coastal Emergency Risks Assessment website, concluded the water height wouldn’t top four feet. As a result, Texas didn’t shut down its ferries, and a crucial emergency transportation link for citizens and responders remained intact.

NOAA tide gauges later showed the ADCIRC predictions came within 0.2–0.3 feet of the actual recorded measurements.

ADCIRC, combined with meteorological forecasts like rain, atmospheric pressure and wind forecasts, predicts flooding threats, allowing emergency managers and other decision makers to make better decisions about response efforts before severe weather occurs.

Used by a variety of federal, state, regional and local organizations, including National Weather Service offices, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, FEMA and the U.S. Coast Guard, ADCIRC has evolved since 2008 as a highly valuable forecasting tool for pre-storm operations.

The system was used during Hurricanes Irene, Isaac, Sandy, Matthew and most recently, Hurricanes Harvey and Irma. 

“The model was key to my decision regarding aircraft protection in Puerto Rico, and our decision to relocate our command center out of Miami. I’ll be watching it with every update,” says Coast Guard Rear Admiral Peter Brown, Commander of District 7, which includes most of Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. He used ADCIRC results to plan for evacuation of USCG staff during Hurricane Irma.

Dr. Rick Luettich, who leads the Coastal Resilience Center, says recent funding has improved ADCIRC, increasing connectivity to emergency operators and the development of platforms such as the Coastal Emergency Risks Assessment website that make model results accessible to users. The site is free for anyone to use.

 “We now have an established ADCIRC university research and supercomputing network that activates ahead of every storm to provide information for planning and operations,” says Luettich. “We strive to get the best possible information out to the people who need it when they need it—and that means having researchers who are working side-by-side with emergency managers ahead of a storm.”

The network includes research centers in Texas, Louisiana, Indiana, North Carolina and Florida, all of which work closely with their state emergency management departments.

Continue Reading

 “The Coastal Resilience Center and its ADCIRC team have become a key resource for our operational partners such as the U.S. Coast Guard, who have to make tough calls as hurricanes approach the United States,” says Dr. Matthew Clark, director of the DHS S&T Office of University Programs.

Source
Department of Homeland Security
The two companies have partnered to market the system that notifies hospitals of incoming critical patients in real time.
Bloomington Fire Department's improved response times have led dispatchers to call for the closest fire truck to respond to EMS calls if ambulances are unavailable, significantly increasing overtime labor costs.
Researchers concluded that ambulance usage has dropped at least 7 percent since Uber and other ride-booking services have emerged.
The Thomas Fire has spread across 238,500 acres, but firefighters have been able to contain 30% of the flames and some evacuation orders have been lifted.
Residents at retirement facilities will partner with St. Charles County Ambulance District Paramedics to ensure that pantry shelves in their community are fully stocked for those in need.
Epps has coordinated many facility and operations improvement projects that have helped improve quality, production flow, profitability and corporate communication.
Lexi Sima was 16 when she survived sudden cardiac arrest because of bystanders' CPR and use of an AED, leading her family to advocate for CPR education.
MassBay Community College's nursing, EMT, and paramedic students participated in a mock disaster drill modeled after nursing home fatalities that occurred during Hurricane Irma.
Springfield firefighters are training for intermediate to paramedic-level certificates to improve patient outcomes, learning techniques like the pit crew method.
First responders were commended for saving the lives of several heart attack victims, emphasizing the need for civilians to also know how to perform CPR and use an AED.
Aztec residents collected over 100 thank you cards for the emergency personnel and high school staff who quickly responded to the shooting that left two students dead.
The new fire station would have housed another ambulance, two more firefighters, and be able to fit modern fire trucks to fit the needs of the growing town.
For the first time since 1995, Starkville Fire Department hired a female firefighter, Bethany Allen, who is working on completing her fire academy and EMT training.
To better understand and treat the patients they revive with Narcan, firefighter-EMTs received training on opioid abuse and recovery
The collaboration supports rural healthcare providers with the goal of improving patient outcomes in Kansas through the Redivus mobile clinical decision app.